Selected Bibliography

Bean, Annemarie, James V. Hatch, and Brooks McNamara, eds.1996. Inside the Minstrel Mask: Readings in Nineteenth-Century Blackface Minstrelsy. Hanover: Wesleyan University Press.

Bergson, Henri. 1911. Laughter: An Essay on the Meaning of the Comic. Trans. Cloudesley Brereton and Fred Rothwell. Repr., New York: Macmillan, 1928.

Berry, Ian, Darby English, Vivian Patterson, and Mark Reinhardt, eds. 2003. Kara Walker: Narratives of a Negress. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Bhabha, Homi. 1994. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge.

Boime, Albert. 1990. The Art of Exclusion: Representing Blacks in the Nineteenth Century. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

Bonin, Jean M. 1985. American life in our piano benches: the art of sheet music. Madison: Elvehjem Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Braddock, Alan C. 1998. “Eakins, race, and ethnographic ambivalences,” Winterthur Portfolio 33 (Summer/Autumn): 135-161.

Burkett, Randall K., Nancy Hall Burkett, and Henry Louis Gates, Jr., eds., 1991. Black Biography, 1790-1950: a cumulative index. Alexandria, Virginia: Chadwyck-Healey.

Carbone, Teresa A. and Patricia Hills. 1999. Eastman Johnson: Painting America. Brooklyn: Brooklyn Museum.

Dalton, Karen C. C. “Caricature in the Service of Racist Stereotypes: Evolution of Nineteenth-Century Caricatures of African-Americans,” Unpublished paper presented at the Seminar in American Art History, American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, MA, 23 February 1993, 1-16.

Davis, John. 1998. “Eastman Johnson’s Negro Life at the South and urban slavery in Washington, D.C.,” The Art Bulletin 80 (March): 67-92.

Davison, Nancy Reynolds. 1980. “E. W. Clay: American Political Caricaturist of the Jacksonian Era.” Ph.D. diss., University of Michigan.

Du Bois, W. E. B. 1903. The Souls of Black Folk. Repr., New York: Avon Books, 1965.

Du Bois, W.E.B. 1935. Black Reconstruction in America, 1860-1880. Repr. New York: Atheneum, 1983.

Ewen, Elizabeth & Stuart. 2006. Typecasting: On the Arts and Sciences of Human Inequality. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Foster, Daniel H. 2009.  “Sheet Music Iconography and Music in the History of Transatlantic Minstrelsy,” Modern Language Quarterly 70 (March): 147-161.

Franklin, John Hope and Alfred A. Moss, Jr. 1947. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans. Repr. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2000.

Fried, Michael. 1980. Absorption and Theatricality: Painting and the Beholder in the Age of Diderot. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. and Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, eds., 2004. African American Lives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Genovese, Eugene D. 1976. Roll, Jordan, Roll: The World the Slaves Made. New York: Random House.

Gilmore, Paul. 1997. “‘De Genewine Artekil’: William Wells Brown, blackface minstrelsy, and abolitionism.” American Literature 69 (December): 743-780.

Harley, Sharon. 1995. The Timetable of African American History. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Harris, Michael D. 2003. Colored Pictures: Race & Visual Representation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Harris, Middleton, Morris Levitt, Roger Furman, & Ernest Smith. 1974. The Black Book. New York: Random House.

Higginson, Thomas Wentworth. 1869. Army Life in a Black Regiment. Repr., New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1984.

Hine, Darlene Clark, ed., 2005. Black Woman in America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hodge, Francis. 1964. Yankee Theatre. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Honour, Hugh. 1989. Image of the Black in Western Art. From the American Revolution to World War I, vol. IV: Part I: Slaves and Liberators. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

hooks, bell. 1992. Black Looks: Race & Representation. Boston: South End Press.

Hudson, Barbara A. 1993. Facing the Rising Sun: 150 Years of the African-American Experience, 1842-1992. Hartford: Wadsworth Atheneum.

Johns, Elizabeth. 1991. American Genre Painting: The Politics of Everyday Life. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Levy, Lester S. 1976. Picture the Songs: Lithographs from the Sheet Music of Nineteenth Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Lott, Eric. 1993. Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class. New York: Oxford University Press.

Lubin, David M. 1994. Picturing a Nation. New Haven: Yale University Press.

McElroy, Guy C. 1990. Facing History: The Black Image in American Art, 1710-1940. San Francisco: Bedford Arts.

McPherson, James M. 1965. The Negro’s Civil War. Repr. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

Moon, Michael and Cathy N. Davidson, eds.1995. Subjects and Citizens: Nation, Race, and Gender from Oroonoko to Anita Hill. Durham: Duke University Press.

Morrison, Toni. 1992. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Nash, Gary B. 1988. Forging Freedom: The Formation of Philadelphia’s Black Community, 1720-1840. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Peters, Harry T. 1929. Currier and Ives, Printmakers to the American People. Vol. 1. Repr., New York: Arno Press, 1976.

Powell, Richard J. 2002. Black Art: A Cultural History. London: Thames & Hudson.

Powell, Richard J. 2008. Cutting a Figure: Fashioning Black Portraiture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Quarles, Benjamin. 1969. Black Abolitionists. Repr., New York: Da Capo Paperback, 1991.

Ripley, C. Peter, ed. 1991. The Black Abolitionist Papers, vol. 3 of The United States, 1830-1846. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Salzman, Jack, David Lionel Smith, and Cornel West, eds. 1996. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York: Macmillan Library Reference.

Shaw, Gwendolyn DuBois. 2006. Portraits of a People: Picturing African Americans in the Nineteenth Century. Seattle: University of Washington.

Wolfskill, Phoebe. 2009. “Caricature and the New Negro in the Work of Archibald Motley, Jr. and Palmer Hayden,” The Art Bulletin 91 (September): 343-365.

Wood, Marcus. 2000. Blind Memory: Visual Representations of Slavery in England and America, 1780-1865. New York: Routledge.


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